Playing by the rules

Every industry has an unspoken set of rules that govern how you operate, compete and play. By rules  I’m not talking about the legal structures we operate under or collusion.  I mean the mutually arrived at sort of symbiotic rule set that allows everyone to co-exist and eek out a profit.

These rules get reinforced by the industry over time by a process which I think is best described as collective thought. Basically all the players have the same information, probably the same people moving between companies, and eventually they all seem to think the same. Something to the affect of ..“We make money from X, so don’t do Y or we’ve ruined our own market…”

All this is fine if all the combatants are playing the same game.  But just recognise that in doing this you are probably leaving profit on the table, you are also horribly exposed when someone enters your game and starts playing by different rules.   

Google is one of the great rule breakers. They didn’t play by the advertising industry rules, neither did they play be the desktop application rules, they aren’t playing by the Telco voice rules, Rupert Murdoch thinks they aren’t playing by the media rules.  

So the question is, what rules do you adhere to in your industry? How could you exploit these? Perhaps even more importantly, how could you be exploited?


Can employees ever run a company better than owners?

An interesting debate i’ve been having for a while is trying to understand if employees (i.e CEO’s) ever run a company as well as owners (good, astute owners).

Why even ask? Well I think our current financial ‘crisis’ is directly attributable to how we operate our companies.  I take exception to the finger pointing that has been directed at the CEO’s of some of the failed companies. Those guys do carry some of the blame, but what isn’t acknowledged is that they are employees. Yip recruited and incented to do stuff by company boards or executives.

While not in these words, i am willing to bet that up the run up to the big crash, these very same CEO’s were having conversations with their EMPLOYERS that went something like “ how are you going to deliver more growth to keep the share price up” . Which would have created some debate where the said CEO’s may or may not have voiced their concerns over the companies exposure (risk) or the cost of doing such short term initiatives.  End result is that the long term viability of the businesses were jeopardised.

Back  to the debate, Its my belief that private companies can make better long term decisions because they have to deal with the long term impacts AND don’t have to worry about short term bonuses and the counter intuitive behaviour it drives.  Rumour has it that Rupert Murdoch is the supreme example of this (love or hate him).  Case in point, the New York paper price wars. His companies took the position that they needed to increase their readership, so they cut slashed the price. The resulting years of financial loss were offset against that growth.  The questions are, could an employed CEO 1) even make that decision 2) achieved their bonuses in doing so?  Logically the answer is no.

Another Murdoch legend (which i cannot source) goes something like this. He wanted to put the prices up for his paper in a specific location. His competitor didn’t follow suite, so he identified those geographies where his competitor had a large market share advantage and gave his paper away free until the competitor took his hint & put their prices up in line with him.  Again could a CEO who is an employee make these kind of plays?  I don’t believe so in the majority of cases.

Our CEO’s have bonuses and employment tenure (which effectively drive medium term thinking at best)

I’m not a CEO, and i’m not saying that they turn up to work to deliver a bad outcome, but it does seem to me that current practices and behaviours are counter intuitive. I know of at least one ex CEO who reads this blog, I'd love to hear his perspective.